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One of our favourite places to eat in the Castelli is undoubtedly Ristorante Pinocchio in the heart of Frascati. A friend of James from nearby Grottaferrata introduced us to with a promise of sound fare. Run by the Blasi family since 1935, one of its most famous dishes is a cut of meat. Unusually, it is a slice of beef which is grilled on one side only, and was allegedly the favoured dish of Joseph Ratzinger, prior to his election as Pope Benedict XVI. In his honour, the family named the dish 'Carne del Papa', or 'Meat of the Pope'! ๐Ÿฅ“๐Ÿ”ช๐Ÿฝ . . . #carnedelpapa #popemeat #ristorantepinocchio #pinocchiofrascati #fraschetta #trattoria #cucinalaziale #cucinaitaliana #foodography #foodporn #foodie #foodphotography #beef #italiandish #italianfood #castelliromani #igerscastelliromani #ig_frascati #igersfrascati #volgofrascati #volgocastelliromani #20regionsin2years #tagliatadimanzo #manzo

China top actress 2018 Dilraba #Chinese #Chinastars #Chinesebeauty

Canโ€™t see her eyes.emmmmโ€ฆ.#chinaonlinetrends #funnypictures #Chinesememe #amusingpicturesinChina

Frascati, a once beautiful town in the Castelli Romani, is today defined more than anything else by the tragedy of the Second World War. As the Allies began to enjoy victory in Africa, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring was tranferred by German High Command to oversee the Southern Theatre, taking Frascati as his headquarters for the defence of Italy, thus making the town a disproportionately major target. At 12:10 on the 8th September 1943, 130 Allied B-17 bombers fell upon the town, pounding it with a furious determination. Over half of the town, and many of its most beautiful structures were obliterated. Over a thousand civilians were killed, along with two hundred German soldiers. That same day, Italy signed an armistice with the Allies, tearing the nation in two in a move the enraged Kesselring, who survived the raid, denounced as treason. Four months later, Frascati would be struck once again, as the American and British armies landed at Anzio. Today, this tragedy is most visibly seen by the lack of historic buildings in the centre, Piazza del Mercato, or the old market square, being one of the few aesthetically pleasing parts left. ๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ”ฅโœˆ . . . #piazzadelmercato #frascatipiazzadelmercato #frascati #marketsquare #carnevale #carnevaledifrascati #carnevaleneicastelli #carnevale2019 #castelliromani #20regionsin2years #bombing #kesselring #worldwarii #ravagesofwar #igersfrascati #ig_frascati #volgolazio #volgoitalia #yallerslazio #townsquare #piazza #volgoroma #piazzeditalia #lights #evening_sky #eveningphotography

Chinese style photograph6 #Chinese #Chinatrends #Chinaclassic

For #throwbackthursday this week, we're having a coffee. Not just any old coffee, in any old place however. In a country fuelled by its coffee culture, Naples reigns supreme, and this reaches its most refined expression in the Gran Caffรจ Gambrinus. Founded in 1860 by Vincenzo Apuzzo, it was a hit from the start, soon becoming a hub of Neapolitan high life following the turmoil of the wars of Italian Unification, gaining the coveted status of supplier to the Royal Household. Largely unchanged since its refurbishment in 1890, it is a rare glimpse of life from La Belle Epoque, in an otherwise entirely eighteenth century and Baroque city. An illustrious list of patrons have sipped a coffee here, among them Oscar Wilde, Ernest Hemingway and the beloved Sisi, penultimate Empress of Austria-Hungary. Passing such hallowed ground, we simply had to dive into this fusion of elegance and Neapolitan hustle and bustle! โ˜•๐ŸŽฉโœ . . . #grancaffegambrinus #grancaffรจgambrinus #grandtour #labelleepoque #findesiecle #coffeeculture #italiancoffee #servicewithasmile #lavitanapoletana #quianapoli #napolitoday #napolidavivere #napoligram #napolipix #napoli #volgonapoli #volgocampania #italianlife #lavitaitaliana #20regionsin2years #travellingitaly #ig_napoli #igersnapoli #yallersnapoli

Chinese food Braised Dongpo Pork #chineseculture #Dongpo Pork #chinese food

On the road again, we made our way to the unspoken 'capital' of the Castelli Romani, the town of Frascati which daubs the northern flank of the dormant Alban volcano. A medieval refounding of the ancient town of Tusculum, Frascati is mostly known today for its wine, mild climate and picturesque villas. Approaching what World War Two spared of the historic centre, one comes across a fairly expansive park, with an elegant stairwell seemingly leading into a forest. Once land of the Abbey of Grottaferrata, it was bought by succession of great Roman families, and counted among its many owners the flamboyant connoisseur, Cardinal Scipione Borghese, who transformed the estate into a residence worthy of hosting his uncle, Pope Paul V. Later, the Ludovisi family would employ the renowned architect Carlo Maderno to bestow even greater splendour on the park. Eventually it fell to the Torlonia, a family who came to sudden wealth and power following shrewd speculation in the Napoleonic Wars, in contrast to the severe financial difficulties suffered by the Holy See. The villa would entrance the likes of John Singer Sargent and other painters of the 19th century, before World War II would sadly see bombs destroy the villa itself. In 1954 Duke Andrea Torlonia bequeathed the grounds to the people of Frascati, and ever since it has remained a rather merry park on its flank! ๐ŸŒณ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŽจ . . . #villatorloniafrascati #villatorlonia #frascati #castelliromani #levilleditalia #italianvilla #villetuscolane #parco #park #parksofitaly #parchidilazio #parchiditalia #torlonia #carlomaderno #scipioneborghese #20regionsin2years #landscapephotography #landscapearchitecture #italiangardens #volgolazio #volgoitalia #yallerslazio #volgofrascati #ig_frascati #igersfrascati #afternoonlight

The town of Nemi as it is today, is a rather charming slice of medieval masonry across the ridge of the volcanic caldera. Following the repealing of anti-Christian laws, Emperor Constantine the Great donated the site of the ancient cult of Diana, and smattering of farmsteads there, to the church in the 4th century AD. Over the centuries, as the power of the formidable Counts of Tusculum grew, a fortified town developed around the central castle, giving it the name of Castrum Nemoris, which eventually corrupted into the modern Italian 'Nemi'. Nemi was something of a bargaining chip in the complex power struggles of the Roman lords, its fiefdom passing from one family to another an incredible number of times, until the Unification of Italy in 1871. Bar the flurry of archaeological activity in the lake down below, time has largely left the town in peace. ๐Ÿกโ›ฐ๐Ÿฐ . . . #nemi #borgo #borghiitaliani #borghipiubelliditalia #lagodinemi #albanmount #montecavo #castelliromani #20regionsin2years #hilltown #igerslazio #ig_lazio #volgolazio #volgoitalia #yallerslazio #landscapephotography #travellingitaly #laziotourism #forests #kings_villages #map_of_italy #travelgram

Lake Nemi, the smaller of the volcanic lakes in the Castelli Romani, is perhaps the most charming. The panorama across it from the town of Nemi is certainly one of the greatest views in Lazio, spanning the entire extent of the ancient caldera, across to the shores of the Tyrrhenian Sea itself, here glowing with the touch of the late afternoon Sun. Known colloquially to the Ancient Romans as 'Speculum Dianae', or the 'Mirror of Diana', since the peaceful waters of the lake reflected the full moon with a breathtaking brilliance by night, the lake was a centre of worship to the goddess. In the month of August, the Romans would honour Diana at the festival of the Nemoralia, for it is then when Sirius, brightest of the stars, shines most intensely. It is theorised that the early Church adapted the dates and several of the ceremonies of the Nemoralia to the Feast of the Assumption, as part of its largely successful efforts to maintain a degree of continuity following the conversion of Rome to Christianity. Today pilgrims are as likely to come for archaeology, strawberries and nature as they are for homage to the moon! ๐Ÿž๐ŸŒ™๐Ÿถ . . . #lakenemi #lagodinemi #lagovulcanico #caldera #volcaniclake #diananemorensis #nemoralia #italianlakes #italianlandscapes #paesaggiitaliani #italy_bestshotz #italygram_great_shots #volgoitalia #volgolazio #igersitalia #ig_italia #castelliromani #seaview #nemi #20regionsin2years #italytour #yallerslazio #yallersitalia #map_of_italy #shotz_of_lazio #shotz_of_italia #landscapephotography #sacredlake #speculumdianae #stunningview

Nemi, one of the most irresistible of all Latin towns, rests high above the lake which bears her name. Surrounded by ancient woods which twist their way out of highly fertile volcanic soil, Nemi is something of a cornucopia of wild fruits, and strawberries above all! Since the area of Nemi was sacred to Diana, goddess of the hunt, fertility and the moon, Nemorense strawberries are held to be extra delicious. May and June see the town entirely given over to the celebration of the blessรจd strawberry, just as Romans begin to flock to the Castelli Romani to enjoy the cooler air! ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ’๐Ÿก . . . #strawberries #fragole #fragoline #fragolinedibosco #fruitsoftheforest #fruttidibosco #nemi #borghiitaliani #borghipiubelliditalia #market #strawberrymarket #fruitmarket #mercato #fruitporn #volgolazio #ig_lazio #igerslazio #yallerslazio #20regionsin2years #tradition #eatingourwayarounditaly #springiscoming

The great ships hauled from the depths of Lake Nemi were none other than the two majestic pleasure barges commissioned by Caligula, the most infamous of all Roman Emperors. Testament to the tremendous power and wealth of the Roman Empire nearing the apex of its dominion, the ships were bedecked with jewels, mosaics, marble and even heating and sophisticated plumbing, as well as a bathhouse. The first ship was an incredible 230ft long, and the second and even greater 240ft. A sight to behold, they would be afloat for barely a year when Caligula was assassinated by the Praetorian Guard in AD 41, being intentionally sunk in a moralistic outrage at Caligula's extravagances. Almost 1900 years later, Italians in the age of Mussolini would rediscover them, and marvel at the incredible technology their ancestors had achieved, including the thrust ball bearing, previously thought to have been invented in the Renaissance by Leonardo Da Vinci. Alas, we today are denied that same marvel. For on the night of the 31st May 1944, the US Army, fighting its way towards Rome, fired a salvo of rounds at the Germans entrenched in the Castelli Romani. Unfortunately for human culture, the museum suffered a direct hit. Nobody knows for sure whether it was the American artillery, or German retaliation, which torched the ships themselves, but tragically, both were almost entirely destroyed. Two milennia of effort quite literally went up in smoke. Today, what could be recovered from the destruction is displayed in the rebuilt museum, along with tantalising photographs of eighty years ago. ๐ŸŒŠ๐Ÿ›ฅ๐Ÿ”ฅ . . . #caligulastyle #caligulaships #nemiships #navidinemi #navesnemorenses #museodellenaviromane #museodellenavi #romanships #20regionsin2years #rationalism #razionalismo #volgoroma #volgoitalia #ig_castelliromani #igerscastelliromani #italianmuseums #museiitaliani #beniculturali30 #romaantica #marinearchaeology #20regionsin2years #destructionofwar #yallerslazio #raisingtheships

The Castelli Romani, being a collection of modestly sized hill towns, lend themselves more to villas than to the urban palaces so common in Rome. The Palazzo Sforza Cesarini, at the summit of Genzano, however, is a striking exception. Fruit of the marriage between Lord Federico Sforza, 1st Prince of Genzano of the Ducal family of Milan, and Livia Cesarini, daughter of Giuliano Cesarini, 3rd Duke of Civitanova Marche, in 1673, the palace looks surprisingly uniform despite the many modifications needed to transform it from an imposing castle into a residence. The marriage was a happy one, producing four children, and the Prince enjoyed an illustrious career serving as ambassador to Rome on behalf of the the King of Spain. Much of the heart of Genzano today was constructed on the initiative, and expense, of the couple! ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿคด๐Ÿ‘ฐ . . . #palazzosforzacesarini #cesarinisforza #principedigenzano #palaces #palazziitaliani #genzanodiroma #castelliromani #igerscastelliromani #ig_castelliromani #italianplaces #igerslazio #ig_lazio #volgolazio #yallerslazio #italyroadtrip #genzano #20regionsin2years #sunnysaturday #archilovers #beniculturali30 #beautifularchitecture

It's #throwbackthursday and we're back in Lombardy, this time in one of the greatest labours of scholarly love in Italy, the Biblioteca Ambrosiana. Founded in 1609 by Cardinal Federico Borromeo, it takes its name from the patron saint of Milan - St. Ambrose. The cardinal's agents hunted far and wide, across Italy and abroad, even Syria and Greece, for manuscripts and prized codices. Borromeo enhanced the literary collection with his vast collection of paintings and drawings, including 12 manuscripts written by Leonardo da Vinci himself. Part of the Library is today given over to the Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, a gallery which charmed the likes of Lord Byron and Mary Shelley in the age of the Grand Tour. In the 21st century, it is a rather quiet corner of Milan, despite its central location, being overlooked by the thousands who make a beeline for the Duomo. We found it to be a very pleasant, and relaxing experience, admiring works by artists of the utmost prestige, in soothing silence! ๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿ–ผ . . . #pinacotecaambrosiana #bibliotecaambrosiana #volgomilano #volgoitalia #igersmilano #ig_milano #igerslombardia #ig_lombardia #volgolombardia #yallerslombardia #yallersmilano #artgallery #galleriadarte #pinacoteca #artgalleriesofinstagram #federicoborromeo #20regionsin2years #grandtour #milanotoday #milanart #milanhighlights #milano_bestphoto #leonardodavinci #infinity_hdr #beniculturali30

Despite having suffered a bombardment so intense that barely a tenth of its structures were still standing by the end of World War II, the town of Genzano di Roma is nonetheless charming, straddling the ridge high above Lake Nemi on one side, and the Latin plain and Tyrrhenian Sea on the other. The Castelli Romani area was favoured by the intelligentsia of Ancient Rome, who appreciated the cooler climate away from the crushing heat of the Roman Summer. Genzano is built on and among the ruins of many such pleasure villas. Where the name 'Genzano' comes from is unclear, but is perhaps a corruption of 'Castrum Gentianum' the residence of the Roman Gentia family. Today the town is famous for its 'Infiorata', the June festival when the street is layed with carpets of flowers. In 1873, Genzano was renamed 'Genzano di Roma' by the young Italian State, for the benefit of the postal service, in order to avoid confusion service with a town in Basilicata which was also called Genzano! ๐Ÿ ๐ŸŒน๐Ÿ“ฎ . . . #genzanodiroma #genzano #castrumgentianum #viaitalobelardi #trattoriadeicacciatori #castelliromani #sunnyday #blueskies #infinity_hdr #italy_bestshotz #thisisitaly #italianstreets #volgoitalia #volgoroma #volgocastelliromani #yallerslazio #shotz_of_lazio #igerslazio #ig_lazio #20regionsin2years #hilltoptown #postwarmiracle #highstreet #levieditalia

If there is a local cuisine of the Castelli Romani which varies from nearby Rome, it is one based on game, as a result of the ancient practise of hunting in the wild forest which embrace the volcanic lakes. Keen to sample this fare, we enjoyed a fabulous dish of Pappardelle al ragรน di cervo, or Pappardelle with venison sauce! Usually prepared with a dash of red wine, the dish is wholesome and bursting with flavour! ๐ŸฆŒ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ˜ . . . #pappardellealragudicervo #pappardelle #venisonsauce #venison #piattitipici #piattiitaliani #italiandish #italytour #foodography #foodporn #unpiattodipasta #magnata #unabellamagnata #italianfood #castelliromani #genzanodiroma #trattoria #trattoriadeicacciatori #volgocastelliromani #volgolazio #italybestdishes #ig_lazio #igerslazio #igerscastelliromani #20regionsin2years #dinnertime #oradicena

Nestled among tight alleys and steep streets, the Duomo of Rocca di Papa is a surprisingly serene oasis of calm and flat ground. Something of a microcosm for the whole town, it was consecrated in 1754, but 52 years later, in the August of 1806, a powerful earthquake would bring down the entire structure bar the faรงade, belltower and side chapels. Pope Pius VII, his hands full dealing with the Napoleonic Invasion of his territory, sent funds to have the church rebuilt. The faithful would have to wait until 1845 before it reopened once more. 99 years later, when the Allies advanced on Rome from the South, Rocca di Papa was struck by raids, which severely damaged the church once more. Its postwar reconstruction has left Rocca di Papa with a clean and immaculate church, an immortal soul of a hardy town! โ›ช๐Ÿ”ฅ๐Ÿ˜‡ . . . #santamariaassunta #santamariaassuntaroccadipapa #duomodiroccadipapa #roccadipapa #chieseditalia #chiesadisantamariaassunta #castelliromani #volgocastelliromani #churchesofitaly #italianchurches #veneration #volgoroma #volgolazio #20regionsin2years #alluring_italy #loves_united_italy #lovesitalia #yallerscastelliromani #igerslazio #ig_lazio #duomo

For #throwbackthursday this week, we return to one of the most memorable views during our stay in the South Tyrol. From the humble village of Lazfons, high above the Valley of Bressanone/Brixen, we were rewarded with a dramatic view across to the razor edge of the Dolomites - the Geisler Group, also known as the Odle range (Odle coming from the local Alpine Ladin language, which indeed means 'needles'). Towering over two of the principal Ladin valleys, Val Gardena and Val di Funes, the highest of the peaks, Sass Rigais, soars over three thousand metres into the sky. As the Sun fell over Alto Adige, the last clouds of the day snagged on the pinnacles as though cotton on branches! โ›ฐ๐Ÿ“ธ๐Ÿ”ญ . . . #geislergruppe #sassrigais #gruppodelleodle #odlegroup #dolomites #dolomiti #sunset #tramonto #dramatic #dramaticsunset #beautifulsunsets #landscapephotography #traveladdict #lazfons #latzfons #southtyrol #volgoitalia #volgotrentinoaltoadige #volgodolomiti #igerstrentinoaltoadige #ig_trentinoaltoadige #volgobolzano #volgobressanone #20regionsin2years #dramaticclouds #mountains #roofofitaly #beautifulitaly #italiait

A trip up to the upper loggia of Santa Maria Maggiore reveals the mosaics which Fuga's palatial faรงade now conceals. In them the foundation story of the Basilica is told, which holds that on the night of the 4th August AD 358, Pope Liberius had a dream in which the Virgin Mary commanded him to build a church where snow fell. Thus it was that snow fell upon the summit of the Esquiline on the 5th August, in high summer. Awed by this apparent miracle, the Pope vowed a great Basilica. Santa Maria Maggiore as it stands today is the descendent of that ancient church. Yet great statues of angels, clad in gold, dominate the loggia, seeming to be ever so slightly out of place and oversized. Pietro Bracci crafted them for the top of the baldachin in the nave in 1750, but in 1932 they were moved to the loggia so as to provide a clearer view of the apse mosaics when entering the Basilica. Now they stand, almost forgotten and well out of view to the casual visitor or worshipper! ๐Ÿ‘ผ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿ‘ผ . . . #loggia #loggiadisantamariamaggiore #angels #angelgate #pietrobracci #ferdinandofuga #baroque #barocco_photogroup #rococo #basilicasofrome #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #santamariamaggiore #basilicapapale #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #holydoor #gateofheaven #portadelcielo #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #volgoroma #volgoitalia #20regionsin2years #archilovers #beniculturali30 #liberius

Just off to the left of the altar of Santa Maria Maggiore lies the Borghese Chapel, so named after it's builder, Pope Paul V (born Camillo Borghese). Paul V's nearly sixteen year reign was a busy one, which saw the first friction between Galileo and the Church over heliocentricity, an attempt to reconcile with England following the accession of the Stuart Dynasty, a diplomatic struggle with Venice over the separation of secular and sacred authority, and the dispatching of Christian missionaries to Japan for the first time in history. The Borghese Papacy also saw a flourishing of high culture in Rome, with widespread investment in the city, restoring ancient aqueducts and constructing new churches. One result of this drive was this chapel at Santa Maria Maggiore, constructed in 1611, where the Pope himself would later be buried. The glittering gilding and colourful decoration was a nod to the nascent Baroque, which shed traditional simplicity in favour of raw drama. Dramatic indeed is the Chapel, even today! โ›ช๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ๐ŸŽจ . . . #cappellaborghese #cappellapaolina #borghesechapel #dome #domesofinstagram #cupola #cupolediroma #domesofrome #santamariamaggiore #basilicapapale #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #paulv #borghese #camilloborghese #baroque #baroquechurch #barocco_photogroup #20regionsin2years #shotz_of_roma #ig_roma #igersroma #volgoroma #tesori_italiani #gold #gilding

Santa Maria Maggiore hosts the final resting place of many of the great and good, from Popes, Saints, Princes and even the sister of Napoleon Bonaparte. Yet perhaps the most striking of all, on account of its paucity, is that of the lauded master of the Baroque, and perhaps the only sculptor who one could seriously compare to Michelangelo - Gianlorenzo Bernini. That the man who worked wonders in marble, turned Rome into a city of architectural theatrics and who entranced Popes, Kings and Emperors with his prodigal skill would be laid to rest in so humble a manner, under a step beside the altar, is testament to arguably his greatest misfortune - he lived too long. Throughout the 17th century he stunned one patron after another, such that Pope Urban VIII would famously declare, "Rome is made for you, and you are made for Rome". Yet with the end of the century, in the post Thirty Years' War world, tastes had turned against the flamboyant and sensational style of the Baroque, in favour of the more austere Neoclassicism. Falling from favour, the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries would all but forget Bernini, or speak ill of him, as a man who glorified the golden age of Papal absolutism in his grandiose projects. So many do not achieve recognition until after their death. Bernini had the tragedy of success in his youth, only to be scorned in his twilight years. Thus it was that when he died at the age of 81 on the 28th November 1680, modest indeed were the commemorations. It was not until the final years of the twentieth century that his reputation would be restored, and be recognised as one of the greatest artists and artisans in the western world. Yet still he lies, humbly, alongside his parents, in the old family plot under his local basilica. โšฐ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿ›  . . . #bernini #gianlorenzobernini #berninitomb #tombadibernini #barocco_photogroup #baroque #baroquemasters #tombsofinstagram #tombsofthegreats #tombefamose #famousgraves #famoustombs #santamariamaggiore #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #sculptor #architect #beniculturali30 #artlovers #20regionsin2years #ig_roma #igersroma

Katrina
(@kat.italy)

27 Days 16 Hours Ago

Cute and colourful Nemi where this is an abundance of strawberries ๐Ÿ“๐Ÿ˜๐Ÿ“ #strawberries #nemi #visitlazio #20regionsin2years

One of the more striking and beautiful funeral monuments in Santa Maria Maggiore is the marble tomb of Agostino Favoriti, carved by Filippo Carcani, 1685. Favoriti, born in Liguria in 1624, came to Rome and worked his way up through the hierarchy of church offices, eventually becoming personal secretary and right hand man of the illustrious Pope Alexander VII. A keen writer, whose Latin was widely lauded, he took care of the Archive of the Holy College, and was a model of diligence. He loved poetry, and the power of words, and greatly enjoyed the humanistic conversations held at Castel Gandolfo, the Papal Summer residence. At court he was throughout his life fiercely opposed to the French, ever suspicious of the designs of King Louis XIV, and never ceased to use the influence of his office to counter French interests, whilst simultaneously attempting to implore Christian Europe to liberate the lands conquered by the Turks. Alas he died too young to be rewarded with a cardinalate, but upon his death in 1682, he was rewarded with a sumptuous monument in the Great Basilica ๐Ÿ’€๐Ÿ™๐Ÿป๐Ÿ› . . . #agostinofavoriti #tombadiagostinofavoriti #filippocarcani #tombs #tombsofinstagram #santamariamaggiore #basilicapapale #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #sculpture #marblemonuments #virgin #virginandchild #putto #putti #marbletomb #tesori_italiani #grave #effigy #marble #marmo #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #igersroma #ig_roma #yallersroma #shotz_of_roma #alexandervii

Crossing the threshold of Santa Maria Maggiore, one enters the vast nave. Though modified over the centuries, it still retains its ancient core from when it was consecrated on the 5th August AD 434 by Pope Sixtus III. Typical of Basilicas of the Late Roman Empire, the large central nave is flanked by two aisles and closed by a spectacular apse adorned with mosaics. The forty columns which support the nave were either crafted for it from Athenian marble, or were recyled from an unknown ancient Roman structure - possibly a pagan temple. The glittering ceiling was gilded with gold which, it is believed, was brought from the New World by Columbus himself, and gifted to the Spanish Pope Alexander VI by the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella. The Basilica retains a strong link with Spain even today - His Majesty King Felipe VI of Spain, as all Spanish sovereigns have done before him, serves as Protocanon of the Basilica Chapter. The mosaics which adorn the upper walls include some of the oldest depictions of the Virgin Mary in all of Christendom, dating to the 5th century! ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿคฐ๐Ÿป๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ . . . #santamariamaggiore #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #basilica #basilicasofrome #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #architecture #archilovers #architecturelovers #beniculturali30 #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #ig_roma #igersroma #volgolazio #basilicapapale #navesofinstagram #navata #kingfelipevi #reyfelipevi #popealexandervi #20regionsin2years #map_of_italy #photooftheday #avemaria #romanarchitecture

The Tuscan architect Ferdinando Fuga was down but not out when his design for the new Trevi Fountain was rejected in the 1720's, and the design of local Roman Nicola Salvi was chosen instead. But he would get his big break when fellow Florentine, Lorenzo Corsini, was elected Pope Clement XII in 1730, and proceeded to grant him a shower of commissions across Rome, including the Corsini Palace and the Coffee House of the Quirinal. These were well received to the extent that Clement's successor, Benedict XIV - the 'Professor Pope' - would continue to employ him, charging him in 1741 to design a new faรงade for Santa Maria Maggiore. Fuga paid homage to the ancient basilica by not tearing down the previous one, with its exquisite mosaics. Taking great care, he crafted an elaborate travertine screen which both protected the mosaics and gave the basilica a palatial new entrance, with the ancient gold glittering in between. Fuga's work was completed on schedule, in time for the Jubilee Year of 1750, when armies of pilgrims would come to Rome, and gaze upon the brand new masterpiece! ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ›  . . . #faรงade #santamariamaggiore #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #basilica #basilicasofrome #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #ferdinandofuga #clementxii #benedictxiv #travertine #papalcrest #settecento #18thcentury #architecture #archilovers #architecturelovers #beniculturali30 #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #ig_roma #igersroma #volgolazio #basilicapapale

Upon reaching the convergence of Via Merulana and Via Carlo Alberto, the magnificent faรงade of Santa Maria Maggiore, the crown of the Esquiline, sweeps into view, astride a piazza which was once incredibly rustic, but is now surrounded by traffic. Of all the basilicas in Roman Catholicism, only four are designated 'Major Basilicas', and all four are in Rome. Santa Maria Maggiore, the oldest church in Rome dedicated to the Virgin Mary, is one of them. The 14th century belltower, at 246ft, is the highest belltower in Rome. The faรงade which confronts the visitor today is deceptively modern, having been built over the entrance to the 5th century Basilica in 1743 by the Florentine architect Ferdinando Fuga. ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿคฐ๐Ÿปโ›ช . . . #santamariamaggiore #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #majorbasilica #basilicamaggiore #stmarymajor #fourmajorbasilicas #esquiline #esquilino #architecture #faรงade #archilovers #beniculturali30 #piazzeditalia #piazza #piazzadisantamariamaggiore #beautifularchitecture #beautifulday #20regionsin2years #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #volgoroma #volgoitalia #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #tesori_italiani

One of the legendary Hills of Rome, the Esquiline is the highest and most expansive of the Seven. In Ancient Rome it was divided between the poor and crime-ridden neighbourhood of the Subura and, from the reign of Augustus, the suburban villas of the wealthy patrician class. During the Middle Ages, when the city depopulated spectacularly, the area was mostly owned by a series of convents, and became a quiet and bucolic district. Post 1870, a flurry of building began, as the new middle class of bureaucrats arrived in Rome to administer the new Kingdom of Italy. Today the Esquiline is once again split between the wealthier area south of Via Merulana, and the rather rough neighbourhood beside Termini station, populated almost entirely by Chinese and Bangladeshi immigrants. Bridging the divide between the two is the wondrous Basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore! ๐Ÿ โ›ช๐Ÿš . . . #esquilino #esquiline #sevenhillsofrome #settecollidiroma #santamariamaggiore #basilicadisantamariamaggiore #quartierepopolare #popularquarter #novecentoitaliano #19thcentury #rioneesquilino #rionidiroma #urbanlandscape #urbanphotography #20regionsin2years #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #volgoroma

The Passetto, an 800 metre long stretch of wall connecting the Castel Sant'Angelo to the Vatican, is small slice of history which has survived more modern urban assaults. Following the Saracen sack of Rome in AD 846, when old St. Peters' was pillaged, Pope Leo IV ordered the construction of a 3km wall to shield the Vatican from future raids, creating the Leonine City. Some four centuries later, Pope Nicholas III fortified the passageway, creating an escape route for the Papal Court if it should ever be in mortal danger. That danger has manifested on at least three occasions, and has been used by three Popes. Pope Gregory VII in 1084, fleeing the wrath of Emperor Henry IV after excommunicating him in dubious circumstances; Pope Alexander VI in 1494, in response to the French Invasion of Italy, and finally Pope Clement VII, for his own safety when the German Landsknechts ruthlessly sacked the City in 1527/8. It has lain dormant ever since, until the Jubilee of 2000 saw it's restoration and reopening to the public by guided tour! ๐Ÿฐ๐Ÿ•Šโ›ช . . . #passetto #passettodiborgo #ercorridore #ilpassettodiborgo #leoninecity #cittaleonina #castelsantangelo #borgo #nicholasiii #leoiv #escaperoute #vatican #wallsofrome #wall #ig_roma #igersroma #quiaroma #map_of_italy #volgoroma #volgolazio #yallersroma #20regionsin2years #viewsofrome

For the city which was the beating heart of the West for over a thousand years, there is much that remains unknown in Rome. The identity of the man, depicted in this colossal marble head, carved in the 2nd century AD, is one such mystery. Today it stands on the ground level of the Castel Sant'Angelo, immortal and ever watching. ๐Ÿฐ๐ŸŽจโ“ . . . #marblemonuments #marblehead #bust #marblebust #romansculpture #castelsantangelo #ancientmysteries #volgoroma #ig_roma #ig_lazio #igerslazio #20regionsin2years #testacolossale #colossus #marmo #scultura #sculturadimarmo

"Rome, or Death" - scarcely had three words meant so much. In 1862, when much of the Peninsula had come under royal control, the professional revolutionary Giuseppe Garibaldi, who despised the Papacy, raised arms against Rome under the banner "Roma o Morte" (Rome or Death), leading all those who believed that Italy would never be whole while Rome remained out of their hands. The Royal government in Turin, however, alarmed by the aggression of the nationalists and wary of the international condemnation which would result from an unprovoked military attack against the Papacy, ordered Garibaldi to stand down. Several shots rang out, and Garibaldi was wounded, but popular support for the guerrilla fighter granted him a lenient sentence. He would try again, and fail again, before the armies of the Kingdom of Italy would complete the job in 1870, seizing the chance with France embroiled in all out war against Prussia, denying the Papacy aid from its greatest international supporter. Thus would Rome become the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, the immortal prize of the Eternal City the capital of a great power for the first time since the Caesars. Today the great statue of Garibaldi on the Janiculum honours his attempts, with the simple words which defined his later life. ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ—ฝ๐Ÿ‡ป๐Ÿ‡ฆ . . . #romaomorte #romeordeath #monumentidiroma #monumentoagiuseppeverdi #garibaldi #giuseppegaribaldi #risorgimento #unificationofitaly #italianunification #poignant #italiannationalism #ig_lazio #igerslazio #volgoroma #20regionsin2years #gianicolo #janiculum #thisisitaly #ottocento #19thcentury #commemoration

#throwbackthursday this week takes us back to the idyllic town of Brisighella, in the Lamone Valley near the border of Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany. The town sits at the foot of three selenite peaks, which are crowned in turn by the clock tower, the sanctuary of Monticino and the great Manfredi Fortress. A citadel has stood here since 1228, but it was Francesco Manfredi, Lord of Faenza, who would begin building the current fortress at the dawn of the 14th century, when the struggle between the Guelphs (supporters of the Pope) and Ghibellines (supporters of the Emperor) was at its apex. The fortress was conquered by the armies of Cesare Borgia c.1500 during his campaign to reassert Papal authority over the unruly Romagna, before it changed hands again in 1503, when it was captured by Venice. The Venetians would move quickly to build the spectacular donjon (large round tower), before they in turn were pushed out 6 years later. The fortress subsequently enjoyed a peaceful life, far from active battlefronts, before the Papacy lost control of the Romagna with the Unification of Italy in 1860. The armies of Nazi Germany would in 1944 seek to heavily fortify the area as part of the Gothic Line, the vast defensive network in Northern Italy built to repel the coming Allied Invasion. Fortunately the Manfredi Fortress survived the war unscathed, and today is a fine example of intact Italian medieval and Renaissance military architecture! ๐Ÿฐ๐ŸŒณ๐Ÿน . . . #roccamanfrediana #roccadibrisighella #roccadeiveneziani #brisighella #brisighella_borgo_dei_borghi #brisighellaromantica #brisighellamedievale #brisibella #fortress #rocca #castles #castles_oftheworld #castlesofitaly #castlesofinstagram #castleonthehill #igersbrisighella #igersfaenza #volgobrisighella #volgoemiliaromagna #volgoitalia #ig_emiliaromagna #shotz_of_emiliaromagna #shotz_of_italia #igersemiliaromagna #20regionsin2years

Predating the St. Peter's Basilica which stands today, the street of Borgo Santo Spirito was once the location of the Schola Saxonum, a charitable body which dedicated itself to the care of Saxon pilgrims who came to Rome from the English Kingdom of Wessex, centuries before Aethelstan the Glorious would unite the seven Saxon kingdoms (the Heptarchy) into a new realm which would one day become a great power - the Kingdom of England. Indeed the Schola was founded by the deeply pious King Ine of Wessex, who abdicated his throne in AD 726 in order to come to Rome. Centuries later, in 1475, the Schola would be absorbed into the large pilgrim's hospital of Santo Spirito, which still serves as a general hospital today! ๐Ÿ‡ฌ๐Ÿ‡ง๐Ÿ‘‘๐Ÿจ . . . #borgosantospirito #santospirito #scholasaxonum #pilgrimage #pilgrims #wessex #heptarchy #ineofwessex #englishpilgrims #stpetersbasilica #basilicadisanpietro #scorcio #scorciodisanpietro #ig_roma #igersroma #volgoroma #yallersroma #yallerslazio #ig_lazio #igerslazio #infinity_hdr #ig_italia_borghiecitta #urbanlandscape #urbanphotography #20regionsin2years #stpeters #sanpietro #offthebeatenpath

One of Rome's most secluded oases, Villa Celimontana is somewhat neglected both by visitors and gardeners. Crowning the ancient Caelian Hill (Caelius Mons in Latin), one of the legendary Seven Hills of Rome, the Villa was commissioned in 1580 by the noble House of Mattei, who held the titles of Marquis of Giove, Duke of Paganica and Marquis of Belmonte, and the design overseen by Giacomo del Duca, who had been taught by Michelangelo himself. The centuries since have been turbulent, as the fortunes of the Mattei waned, and their estates were broken up. The Villa was bought first by Manuel de Godoy, Prince of La Paz in 1813, and then in turn by Princess Marianne of the Netherlands in 1857, Princess Federica of Prussia next and Baron Hoffman of Bavaria in 1869. Since Bavaria would join the German Empire in 1871, the villa would later be seized by the Italian State upon entering the First World War in 1915, it being the property of an enemy national. It was never returned. In 1926 the City of Rome opened its grounds to the public, and donated the Villa itself to the Italian Geographic Society. Today the extensive gardens are rather overgrown and irresistibly melancholic, offering enchantingly bucolic views over towards the Baths of Caracalla. ๐Ÿ‘‘๐ŸŒณโ›ฒ . . . #villacelimontana #caeliusmons #colliscaelius #caelianhill #mattei #villa #villasofrome #villasofinstagram #villamattei #societageograficaitaliana #gardensofinstagram #gardens #villanobile #20regionsin2years #tesori_italiani #shotz_of_lazio #italygram_great_shots #italy_bestshotz #volgoroma #volgoitalia #beniculturali30 #italiapix #italytravel #giacomodelduca #landscapephotography #beautiful #melancholy #sevenhillsofrome #settecollidiroma #stunningview

The Aula Magna, or Sala Riaria, of the Palazzo della Cancelleria is a stunning Baroque hall, and one not readily accessed except by special event or visit. That is because it is today the official meeting chamber of the Apostolic Tribunal of the Roman Rota, effectively the High Court of Appeal of the Holy See. It takes its name from the fact that the judges, in the days of the Avignon Papacy (1309-1376), met in a round room (the Italian word for wheel is 'ruota'l. Since the loss of the Papal States in 1870, the Rota has been strictly limited to non-secular cases, the majority of which concern the annulment of marriages. The Rota thus forms part of the oldest surviving legal system in the Western World which is still in use, predating even the fall of the Western Roman Empire! ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿ“ƒ๐ŸŽจ . . . #palazzodellacancelleria #salariaria #aulamagna #rotaromana #romanrota #apostolictribunaloftheromanrota #tribunal #annulment #highcourt #courtofappeals #vaticancourt #volgoroma #baroque #archilovers #beniculturali30 #italia360gradi #italianarchitecture #italiapix #igersroma #ig_roma #volgoroma #20regionsin2years #barocco_photogroup #frescoedwall

For over a century, Protestant burials at the Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome always took place in the dead of night, in an attempt to avoid potentially violent clashes with Catholic fundamentalists, and to preserve the reputation of those performing the burial rites. Sir Walter Synod was likely the first Englishman to succeed in burying his daughter in broad daylight, in 1821, albeit with armed protection. From then on, the situation pacified, to the extent that upon visiting the cemetery in 1877, Oscar Wilde declared it to be "the holiest place in Rome. In the 21st century, those of all nationalities and religions can be buried here, and one can find the graves of Muslims, Shinto Buddhists, Confucians, Zoroastrians and even atheists. Along with the British Ambassador, 14 other ambassadors, mostly coming from nations with large Protestant and/or Orthodox populations, jointly manage the cemetery by special agreement with the Italian Government. ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŒณ๐Ÿ•Š . . . #cimiteroacattolico #cimiteri_monumentali_ #cimiteroacattolicoroma #cimitero #cemetery #cemeteriesofinstagram #cemetery_shots #volgoroma #eerie #protestantcemeteryrome #peaceful #20regionsin2years #beautifulrome #shotz_of_roma #gothic #haunting #cemeteryphotography #ig_roma #igersroma #romapix

Further down the Aurelian Wall in the Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome, another great sculpture irresistibly lures the eye. William Wetmore Story, originally a lawyer, followed his heart and retrained to become a well-respected and influential American sculptor. In 1850 he moved to Rome, dedicating himself to his work, and his beloved wife Emelyn, though tragedy would strike in 1853 when they lost their six year old son Joseph. His residence in Rome would become a magnet for American tourists in Rome in the late 19th century, building his fame back home. In the 1870s he submitted a lauded design for the Washington Monument, though prolonged troubles brought about by the Civil War and funding would scupper it. In 1894, Emelyn died, and William was so devastated that he cared for sculpture no more. Only the urging of his surviving children moved him to sculpt his final work - the Angel of Grief. Thus in marble he carved a seraphim, in utter abandonment to the pain of loss, weeping and draped over Emelyn's grave. "It represents what I feel", wrote William. So powerful was the piece, it has been copied in graveyards all over America. Some months later, William himself died, and joined Emelyn, and little Joseph, beneath the Angel, together in peace at last. ๐Ÿคต๐Ÿ˜‡๐Ÿ‘ฐ . . . #williamwetmorestory #emelynstory #emelynstorysgrave #angelofgrief #weepingangel #angelodeldolore #cimiteroacattolico #noncatholiccemetery #tomb #ottocento #commuovente #moving #togetherforever #funerarysculpture #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgoitalia #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #shotz_of_roma #shotz_of_lazio #volgolazio

Passing among the graves of the Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome, one finds many moving stories, beyond those of the most famous to be laid to rest here. In a niche in the ancient Aurelian Wall, one sarcophagus in white marble caught our eye. Atop is the effigy of a girl, locked in eternal youth, dressed as though to marry. Here is the tomb of Elsbeth M. Wegener Passarge, who was engaged to the Austrian sculptor Ferdinand Seeboeck, who loved her deeply. Alas that typhus would cruelly take her on the 5th June 1902, in her eighteenth year, just before their wedding day. Distraught with grief, Seeboeck carved her tomb and sarcophagus by his own hand, with the dedication in German and Italian, "She passed from a sweet dream of love, to the life of angels". Now she lies in purest white, the eternal bride. As the years passed, a legend grew that Elsbeth would grant a wish to those who left her a flower. For this, today her tomb is seldom without a bright sprig clasped between her marble fingers. ๐Ÿ‘ฐโšฐ๐ŸŒผ . . . #elsbethwegenerpassarge #elsbeth #noncatholiccemetery #cimiteroacattolico #moving #marble #marblemonuments #beautiful #peacefulspot #tomb #flowerinhand #loneflower #grief #ferdinandseeboeck #thingswedoforlove #urbanlegend #grave #volgoroma #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #beniculturali30 #sculpture #effigy #20regionsin2years

It's #throwbackthursday , and we're back in one of Milan and Lombardy's greatest cultural treasures - the Pinacoteca di Brera. The Brera Gallery may be more famous, yet the complex also incorporates the prestigious Brera Library. One of Italy's largest libraries, it was established in 1770 by the Habsburg Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, one of the most gifted and enlightened sovereigns of 18th century Europe. Maria Theresa was a formidable woman, who in addition to governing the vast dominions of the Holy Roman Empire, including Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia and Northern Italy, birthed no fewer than sixteen children, thus spending a significant period of her reign pregnant. The Empress had enjoyed a modern and humanistic education, and sought to encourage greater public participation in cultural institutions. One such beneficiary of this policy was one of the most famous composers in history. Following a skilful performance before the Imperial Family, the overexcited six year old Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart took the court by surprise, suddenly rushing forward and jumping on the lap of the Empress herself! Maria Theresa, moved by the boy's prodigious talent and endearing sweetness, gave young Mozart a kiss, and her patronage. The Brera Library was another manifestation of such commitment to culture, as Maria Theresa opened the Imperial collections to the wider public. The spectacular Maria Teresa Hall we see here was named in her honour. Today the library houses approximately a million volumes! ๐Ÿ“š๐Ÿ‘‘๐Ÿ› . . . #bibliotecadibrera #bibliotecanazionalebraidense #salamariateresa #mariateresahall #habsburg #mariatheresa #library #librarylife #librariesofinstagram #readingheaven #imperiallibrary #milanotoday #milanhighlights #milano_bestphoto #milanooggi #volgomilano #volgolombardia #ig_lombardia #igerslombardia #20regionsin2years

Perhaps the most famous occupant of the Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome is the renowned poet John Keats. Along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley, Keats was one of the most revered proponents of English Romanticism. All three would die young and in the prime of their lives. Byron in Greece aged 36, Shelley off the Ligurian coast at 29, and Keats in Rome at just 25. Keats had a tragic life, contrasting with the beauty of his verse. Living in unsanitary conditions cursed him with tuberculosis, and the harsh reviews of critics left him perenially depressed. Other poets, however, saw tremendous promise in his work. Urged by his doctor, he moved to Rome in 1820, along with his dear friend, the painter Joseph Severn. Alas the warm climate did little for his health, and regular bleeding weakened him until he passed away, a broken man, on the 23rd February 1821. As per his instructions, he was buried under a nameless tombstone, dedicated to a "Young English Poet", ending simply, "Here lies One whose name was writ in Water". Shelley in particular did much to turn Keats' reputation around, before he too would be laid to rest in the Non-Catholic Cemetery some metres away. 58 years after keeping company with the dying poet, Joseph Severn would be buried at Keats' side. His life cruelly cut short, today the poetry of Keats has entered immortality. โœ๐Ÿ“ƒ๐ŸŒณ . . . #johnkeats #keatsgrave #romanticism #romanticpoets #romanticpoetry #shelley #josephsevern #protestantcemetery #protestantcemeteryrome #grave #cemetery_shots #peaceful #restinpeace #famousgraves #lifecutshort #tesoriromani #tesori_italiani #treasuresofrome #literature #literaryheroes #ig_roma #igersroma #ig_rome #20regionsin2years #nostalgia #deadpoetssociety

For a step into a byegone era, and one of the most atmospheric parts, we came to the Cimitero Acattolico, or Non-Catholic Cemetery of Rome. Since Catholic law prohibited the burial of non-catholics, including Protestants, Orthodox Christians, Jews, Muslims and Pagans, the fate of those who died in Rome had always been something of a problem in the heart of Catholicism on Earth. That changed when, in 1716, Pope Clement XI permitted members of the court of the deposed English Royal House of Stuart to be buried near the Pyramid of Cestius on the city's southern boundary by the walls. Ever since, English nobles, writers, poets and diplomats who died in Rome would join them in death here. The Romantic poet Percy Bysse Shelley, wrote of it, "It might make one in love with death, to think that one should be buried in so sweet a place", before his own untimely death and burial here. Today it is an enchanting site on the walls of Rome. ๐Ÿ’€๐Ÿ›๐ŸŒณ . . . #cimiteroacattolico #cimiteroacattolicoroma #noncatholiccemetery #cemetery #cemeteriesofinstagram #cemetery_shots #cemeteryphotography #peaceful #forest #inmemoriam #protestantcemetery #protestantcemeteryrome #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #ig_roma #igersroma #cimitero #20regionsin2years #romanticism #clementxi #death #beniculturali30 #mournfulmonday

It was said that 13,000 men were employed to level the foundations alone of the Baths of Caracalla. 6,300 cubic metres of marble were needed to construct the mighty monument, employing 600 marble masons and an additional 6,000 skilled craftsmen. Upon completion, with the better part of 2,000 bathers being on site at any one moment, the cavernous structures were anything but ghostly in their heyday. When the Ostrogoths severed the Eternal City's water supply in AD 537, the Baths fell into disuse and neglect for over a thousand years. The early Middle Ages saw the site be used as a Christian burial ground. Much of the monument was brought down by a powerful earthquake in 847, and even more stone was pillaged for building projects across Rome and Italy, some even going towards the construction of Pisa Cathedral. It was only in the 19th century that Count Egidio de Velo would begin archaeological excavations on the site, and a newfound reverence for the spectacular ruins would be ushered in. Today the Baths form the spectacular backdrop of the Rome Opera during the Summer season, an unforgettable event in the Roman cultural calendar! ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿš๐ŸŽญ . . . #bathsofcaracalla #termedicaracalla #termeimperiali #operaaroma #operahouse #neglect #archaeology #archeologia #romanarchaeology #romainunoscatto #volgoroma #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #lastlight #beniculturali30 #archaeolovers #tesori_italiani #20regionsin2years #repurposing #tesoriromani #romaantica #ancientrome #igerslazio #ig_lazio

The process of bathing at the Baths of Caracalla was a tried and true system of great antiquity. Firstly, upon leaving the changing rooms, the bather would enter the Caldarium, the hot and steamy room, with temperatures exceeding 50ยฐC. The pores having been opened, the bather would then proceed to the Tepidarium, moderately heated and richly decorated. When ready, they would then pass to the Frigidarium, where they could bathe in cool waters, enjoying the relief after the warm and hot waters of the previous rooms. Here the pores would close again, and the process would be complete. From here they might have a massage, visit the vendors around the baths or even take a plunge in the Olympic sized swimming pool - the Natatio. The Baths of Caracalla featured some of the largest examples of each of these rooms ever found! ๐Ÿ”ฅ๐ŸŠ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธโ„ . . . #bathsofcaracalla #termedicaracalla #caldarium #tepidarium #frigidarium #romanbaths #termeromane #columns #compositeorder #romanarchitecture #romanarchaeology #ruins #columncapital #volgoroma #20regionsin2years #igersroma #ig_roma #architecturelovers #archilovers #beniculturali30 #sitiarcheologici #ancientstone #yallersroma

The Baths of Caracalla still preserve a significant proportion of their original superstructure, enough to understand the layout and allocation of floor space. Before proceeding to the bathing chambers proper, Romans might work up a sweat in the Palaestra, or gym, a place for games and workouts, or simply running. There were two such structures at the Baths of Caracalla, each a mirror of the other. Here we see the ruins of the West Palaestra, with its elegantly crafted floor mosaic still in situ. As we can see, mosaics were not delicate, they were robust decorations designed to be walked and run on! ๐Ÿ‹๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ๐Ÿ›๐Ÿ’ง . . . #palaestra #palestra #mosaicart #mosaicfloor #bathsofcaracalla #termedicaracalla #ancientgym #bathhouse #romanarchaeology #volgoroma #interiordesign #romaninteriors #romaantica #yallersroma #fotografandoroma #tesoriromani #tesoriromani #architecturelovers #archilovers #beniculturali30 #italia360gradi #romailoveyou #romanarchitecture #architetturaromana #breakingasweat #20regionsin2years #ancientruins #fridayfitness

It's #throwbackthursday and today we are back in the irresistibly charming Umbrian town of Assisi. Standing across from the Rocca Maggiore, or 'Greater Citadel', lies the Rocca Minore, joined to the former by a robust wall, and standing guard over the quieter part of town which developed around the Ancient Roman amphitheatre. All of the fortifications of Assisi which we see today are the fruit of the ruthlessly effective Cardinal Albornoz, sent forth from Avignon by Pope Innocent VI in 1352 with orders to bring Central Italy to heel. The former Papal States had largely fallen into a quasi-anarchy following the decision of the Popes to relocated their court to Avignon from Rome. Albornoz - ironically nicknamed the Angel of Peace - would subjugate the rebellious lords by force, and was tasked with overhauling the defences of the pacified territories. Thus the citadels of Assisi would be built, as much a deterrent to the population of the town as to foreign attack! ๐Ÿฐ๐Ÿก๐Ÿน . . . #assisi #roccaminore #castles #borghiitaliani #borghipiubelliditalia #citadel #castletown #medievalitaly #albornoz #angelofpeace #umbrianhills #greenheartofitaly #cuoreverdeditalia #volgoumbria_ #volgoassisi #ig_umbria #igersumbria #igersassisi #yallersumbria #yallersitalia #landscapephotography #paesaggiumbri #thisisumbria #shotz_of_umbria #20regionsin2years

It was not merely their vast scale and facilities which defined the Baths of Caracalla, but also the quality and beauty of their decoration. All manner of colours of marble from across the Empire came to adorn them. Some of the grandest statuary from the ancient world was carved for them. Mosaics of all kinds coated vast swathes of the floors of them. The mosaics in particular ranged from abstract designs to more charming depictions of marine animals and gods, and indeed here we met a discarded broken section depicting a dolphin swimming ahead of a mounted figure! ๐Ÿฌ๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ‡ . . . #bathsofcaracalla #termedicaracalla #mosaic #mosaicart #dolphinmosaic #dolphin #delfino #decay #ruins #beniculturali30 #artlovers #ancientart #igersroma #ig_roma #20regionsin2years #archaeology #tesori_italiani #tesoriromani #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #map_of_italy #romailoveyou #horseandrider #decoration

The Baths of Caracalla were much like other Imperial bath complexes in that they were not merely for washing, and enjoying the varying warm and cool waters. They were also something of a commercial complex, featuring an array of shops, rest and relaxation areas, and rooms for body care. The Baths of Caracalla were remarkable since the extensive facilities of the complex even included two symmetrical libraries! ๐Ÿ›โ›ฒ๐Ÿ“š . . . #bathsofcaracalla #termedicaracalla #romanarchaeology #ruins #romainunoscatto #volgoroma #bathhouse #bathfacilities #monumentidiroma #termeimperiali #ig_roma #igersroma #architecture #archilovers #beniculturali30 #map_of_italy #map_of_europe #heritage #romaantica #caracalla #paneetcircenses #breadandcircus #suggestivo #atmospheric #20regionsin2years #romapix #infinity_hdr

The Three Fountains Abbey fell into decay following its suppression by Napoleonic forces in 1812, and attempts to resettle it failed due to the lethal prevalence of malaria in the vicinity. In 1868 a group from the Order of the Cistercians of the Strict Observance, also called the Trappists, arrived, and began to bring it back to life. In 1886, the new Italian State sold it, and around 1,200 acres of land around it, to the Trappists, provided they drain the marshes around it to combat malaria. A novel solution was found - eucalyptus trees were imported from Australia, and the project was a success, the absorbent roots all but eliminating the wetlands, and thus habitat of the mosquitoes. The Trappists reside here still, following the Rule of St. Benedict. As a result, the day is long and the monks carry out hard physical labour, in order to be as self-sufficient and dependent on nothing but God as possible. Among the more eccentric produce is chocolate, and beer, the latter being noted for the distinct flavour bestowed by the eucalyptus. Three Fountains Abbey is one of only 11 authentic Trappist monasteries in the world to brew its own beer! โœ๏ธ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿบ . . . #abbaziadelletrefontane #threefountainsabbey #trappists #trappisti #trappistbeer #statue #jesusstatue #romapix #grasscrown #ruleofstbenedict #monasterylife #volgoroma #ig_roma #igersroma #intheforest #20regionsin2years #le_bellezze_di_roma #abbeysofinstagram #cistercianabbey #landreclamation #bonifiche

The Church of San Paolo alle Tre Fontane is of modest dimensions, but is laden with atmosphere. Largely rebuilt in 1599, the inscription above the portal reads "S. PAULI APOSTOLI MARTYRII LOCUS UBI TRES FONTES MIRABILITER ERUPERUNT" ("Place of martyrdom of Saint Paul the Apostle, where three fountains miraculously gushed forth"). Three niches in the church were built over the site of the alleged miracle, and for centuries water was given to the faithful who came here, until pollution brought an end to the practice in 1950. Today it is a place for silent prayer, peaceful and evocative. ๐Ÿ˜‡โ›ฒโ›ช . . . #sanpaoloalletrefontane #abbaziadelletrefontane #threefountainsabbey #abbeysofinstagram #monastery #beautifulrome #vitamonastica #beniculturali30 #italia365 #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgolazio #igerslazio #ig_lazio #ig_roma #igersroma #le_bellezze_di_roma #shotz_of_roma #stpaul #adacquassalvias #martyrdomofstpaul #frescoedceiling #voltaaffrescata #archilovers #giacomodellaporta #chirho #vaultedceiling

Beyond the initial clearing of the Sanctuary of the Three Fountains, a path leads to the third church of the abbey, which is actually the oldest - San Paolo alle Tre Fontane. It was on this spot, called in Latin Ad Acquas Salvias, that St. Paul was decapitated. Legend tells that when the saint's head was cleaved from his body, it bounced thrice, and with each strike water gushed from the earth. One brought forth hot water, the second tepid and the third cold. It was from this miracle that the Three Fountains Abbey gets its name. Around the fifth century AD, the church was built over what was held to be the site of these fountains, accessed today via an atmospheric avenue. ๐ŸŒณโ›ฒโ›ช . . . #abbaziadelletrefontane #threefountainsabbey #abbeysofinstagram #avenue #monastery #beautiful #beautifulrome #monasticlife #vitamonastica #beniculturali30 #italy_bestshotz #italiapix #italia365 #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgolazio #igerslazio #ig_lazio #ig_roma #igersroma #le_bellezze_di_roma #shotz_of_roma #volgoitalia #afternoonsun #stpaul #adacquassalvias #sanpaoloalletrefontane #infinity_hdr #forestpath #martyrdomofstpaul

Down the forest path and through the Arch of Charlemagne, the irresistible beauty of the Sanctuary of the Three Fountains opens up before one's eyes. Two of the abbey's three churches come into view. On the left the rather simple Church of Santi Anastasio e Vincenzo is as it was when it was reconsecrated by Pope Honorius III in 1221, when the abbey was entrusted to the Cistercians. On the right, peering through the foliage is the Church of Santa Maria Scala Coeli, as it was when Giacomo della Porta rebuilt it in 1584, following the decay and partial collapse of the earlier church. Five centuries of history separate the two churches, just as five separate Scala Coeli from us today. Such a peaceful panorama has no equal in the Rome of today, it being of the Rome of centuries past. โ›ช๐Ÿ™‡๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธโ›ช . . . #monastery #abbaziadellettrefontane #chiesadeisantivincenzoeanastasio #abbeysofinstagram #churchorgansofinstagram #churchesofrome #chiesadisantamariascalacoeli #beautiful #beautifulrome #honoriusiii #giacomodellaporta #monasticlife #vitamonastica #architecturelovers #archilovers #beniculturali30 #italy_bestshotz #italiapix #italia365 #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #volgolazio #igerslazio #ig_lazio #ig_roma #igersroma #le_bellezze_di_roma #shotz_of_roma #volgoitalia

About a ten minute walk from Laurentina Metro, at the very end of the B Line, is a hidden oasis of tranquillity. A sudden branch off Via Laurentina, which leads out of Rome to the south east, leads through an unassuming stone gate, to a road lined only by trees. This seemingly forested way leads to an ancient Sanctuary, all but unknown even to Italians, that of the Abbazia delle Tre Fontane, or Three Fountains Abbey. This is sacred ground in Christendom, it being believed to be the site of the martyrdom of St. Paul. A church was first built here in the 5th century, on the site of his execution, though it would be four centuries later that it would meet glory, when Charlemagne himself would bestow upon the monastic community extensive feudal holdings. The ravages of time, Napoleonic crackdowns on monasteries and even malaria would take their toll, before an intrepid colony of Trappists would resettle it in 1868. Today, despite its tremendous prestige in Catholicism, it retains a highly authentic monastic atmosphere, which we will explore over the next few days! โ›ช๐Ÿ“ฟ๐ŸŒณ . . . #abbaziadelletrefontane #abbaziatrefontane #threefountainsabbey #stpaul #sanpaolo #abbey #abbeysofinstagram #abbazia #charlemagne #trappists #trappisti #vialaurentina #20regionsin2years #volgoroma #yallersroma #peaceful #peacefulspot #infinity_hdr #forestpath #ig_roma #igersroma #ig_lazio #igerslazio #monastery #monasticlife

A vast green space on the map of Rome, about a mile east of Termini Station, is occupied by the hauntingly beautiful Campo Verano. The largest monumental cemetery in Italy, spanning 83 hectares, it has served as the main burial ground of the Eternal City for two centuries. When Rome was occupied by Napoleonic troops in 1805, the French authorities revived an ancient Roman law which prohibited the burial of bodies within the city limits. Thus a vast cemetery was commissioned on the ancient senatorial family of the Verani, in the capable hands of Giuseppe Valadier. Expanding throughout the mid-nineteenth century, it became the most fashionable place for interment for the great and good ever after. Actresses, artists, journalists, scientists and politicians lie alongside clerics and Apostolic nuncios, awaiting the resurrection. โ˜ ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŒณ . . . #campoverano #cimiterodelverano #verano #cemetery #cemeteryphotography #cemetery_shots #cemeteriesofinstagram #cimiteromonumentale #giuseppevaladier #haunting #beautiful #peaceful #cloudy #sanlorenzofuorilemura #sanlorenzo #volgoroma #volgoitaly #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #tesori_italiani #beniculturali30 #italia365 #volgolazio #italy_bestshotz #20regionsin2years

The ceiling of the Basilica of St. Mark, which bears the arms of Venetian Pope Paul II, is one of only two wooden ceilings from the 15th century to survive in Rome today (the other being that of Santa Maria Maggiore). Just below is the beautiful pipe organ, crafted by the renowned organist Giovanni Tamburini in 1936, housed in a sumptuous Baroque casing. Almost all of the Basilica's eighteen centuries of existence are represented somewhere and somehow in or on the building! โ›ช๐Ÿ› ๐ŸŒฒ . . . #sanmarcoevangelistaalcampidoglio #woodenceiling #churchorgan #churchorgansofinstagram #organo #organoacanne #pipeorgan #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #barocco_photogroup #baroque #basilicadisanmarcoroma #paulii #paoloii #tamburini #nave #architecturelovers #archilovers #20regionsin2years #igersroma #ig_roma #yallersroma #volgoroma #volgolazio

The Basilica of St. Mark the Evangelist, Rome. While its Venetian incarnation may be grander and of more far-reaching fame, by contrast the Roman basilica is easily missed by the casual visitor, being tucked around the corner from Piazza Venezia, competing with the mighty Vittoriano. The unassuming entrance leads one down into a dark, cavernous nave, below the modern street level. This is because the basilica began construction in AD 336, by order of Pope Mark, when the ground level was several metres lower. Over the many centuries it has been tweaked and remodelled according to Renaissance and later Baroque tastes, using stone from the nearby Colosseum and Theatre of Marcellus. It forms the National Church of Venice, being part of the vast Palazzo Venezia, once the Embassy of the Republic of Venice in the Papal State. For a place of reflection in silence, and darkness, there are few places like it in Rome! ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŒ โ›ช . . . #basilicadisanmarcoevangelistaalcampidoglio #basilicadisanmarcoroma #basilicadisanmarco #churchesofrome #churchesofinstagram #sanmarco #stmark #popemark #basilicasofrome #basilicasofinstagram #le_bellezze_di_roma #italia365 #infinity_hdr #barocco_photogroup #baroque #baroquestyle #alluring_italy #lovesitalia #beniculturali30 #volgoroma #yallersroma #ig_roma #igersroma #hdrphotography #archilovers #architecturelovers #nave #20regionsin2years

1527 is a year which lives in infamy in the history of Rome. Pope Clement VII, eager to throw off the influence of the Holy Roman Empire, allied with Francis I of France, and war erupted between the two Great Powers on the continent. The Imperial Army defeated the French force in Northern Italy, but financial woes in the Empire meant that funds were insufficient to pay the troops. A contingent of 14,000 Landsknechts - elite German mercenaries - mutinied. Determined to extract their dues, they compelled their commander to lead them to Rome. Protestantism was by now gaining momentum across Germany, and anti-Catholic sentiment was burning high. The Landsknechts saw the lightly defended Rome as an easy target, and an unholy Babylon. On the 6th May the assault began, though the Imperial Commander, Duke Charles, was shot and killed, causing what remained of discipline and restraint in the Landsknechts to break down. The enraged mercenaries sacked, pillaged and burned the Eternal City with a fury that exceeded even what the barbarians had done a thousand years earlier. Pope Clement VII hid in Castel Sant'Angelo, powerless before the vast conflagration which enveloped the city. The mercenaries remained in the city until 1528, when Clement VII granted them a vast payoff. Widespread looting robbed Rome of many of her finest treasures. Here at the luxurious Villa Farnesina, Gothic German graffiti left by the Landsknechts on a frescoed wall survives even today, which reads, "1528 - Why should I not laugh? The Landsknechts have made the Pope flee before us"! ๐Ÿ’ฅ๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ”ฅ . . . #villafarnesinaroma #saladelleprospettive #landsknecht #lanzichenecchi #eternalcity #1527 #sackofrome #saccodiroma #graffiti #looting #wardamage #warandpeace #ig_roma #igersroma #yallersroma #yallersitalia #volgoroma #volgolazio #storiadiroma #historyofrome #waroftheleagueofcognac #quiaroma #fresco #affresco #hallofperspectives #20regionsin2years #tesori_italiani

Between Piazza Navona and the River Tiber, a hidden jewel in the city of Rome awaits, high on the upper floor of an elegant palazzo along Via Zanardelli. Home to the somewhat eccentric art and literature critic Mario Praz, the charming dwelling has been left exactly as it was when Praz died in 1982. In addition to many other pastimes and talents, Praz was a distinguished scholar and professor of English Literature. Following a distinguished career in universities both in Britain and Italy, he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1962. His residence reflects the period of which he was most fond, and in which he wished to immerse himself - the Neoclassical Era of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. It is the marriage of the British stately home with the Roman palazzo! ๐Ÿ“š๐Ÿ›โœ . . . #museomariopraz #casamuseo #casamuseomariopraz #polomusealelazio #museidiroma #mariopraz #neoclassical #neoclassicism #palazzoprimoli #palazzidiroma #romanpalace #20regionsin2years #eccentric #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #shotz_of_roma #shotz_of_lazio #ig_roma #igersroma #statelyrome #statelyhome #homeinrome #romesweethome #viazanardelli #romailoveyou #tesoridiroma

As the festive season draws to a close, there's just time to check out one last treat. The Presepe, or model Nativity Scene, of the Vatican is always a sight to behold. This year it is of a most unusal kind, being entirely made of sand from the beaches of Jesolo, on the eastern reaches of the Venetian Lagoon! Pope Francis declared that it, being made of humble matter, recalled the humility with which God showed himself in the birth of Christ. ๐Ÿ–๐Ÿ˜‡๐Ÿ›  . . . #presepedisabbia #presepevaticano #sandnativity #jesolosandnativity #materialepovero #piazzasanpietro #stpeterssquare #humble #simplematerials #craftsmanship #sandsculpture #volgoroma #yallersroma #ig_roma #igersroma #sandart #20regionsin2years #volgolazio #holyfamily

For a bit of festive atmosphere in the Eternal City, we headed to Piazza Navona, where one can find the annual Mercato della Befana, or Epiphany Market. The market has a turbulent relationship with the city. The atmosphere it emanates, and lights and colours which embrace the Piazza, are indeed alluring. Fairground stalls and presepe craftsmen dot the scene, enclosed in wooden cabins. To the Romans, however, it is synonymous with scandal. Allegations of corruption and illegal activity swirl around the market every year, as the number of stalls dwindle with each Christmas that passes. Yet the carousel still stands proud, almost a lone phantom on a dark winter's night. ๐ŸŽ ๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽช . . . #piazzanavona #mercatodellabefana #mercatodinatale #mercatinodinatale #ig_italia #ig_italia_borghiecitta #bellezzediroma #natalearoma #christmasfair #christmasmarket #iloverome #romainunoscatto #italia_photogroup #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #yallersitalia #nightphotography #romadinotte #20regionsin2years #italy_with_style #romatravel #befana2019 #befana #photooftheday

Back in Rome, we return in time to see the last of the Christmas lights and decorations. The Eternal City's christmas tree, being in possession of foliage, is a decisive improvement on last year's, which was widely ridiculed for its threadbare and seemingly napalmed appearance, and nicknamed 'Spelacchio' ('the mangy one') by Romans. Not so this year, as a mighty Netflix sponsored spruce towers over the Piazza, a worthy centrepiece of the city of the Caesars! ๐ŸŽ„๐ŸŽ…๐Ÿผ๐Ÿ› . . . #christmasinrome #natalearoma #natale #christmastree #alberodinatale #netflixtree #romanchristmas #spezzachio #spelacchio #20regionsin2years #ig_roma #igersroma #volgoroma #volgoitalia #yallersroma #yallersitalia #romailoveyou #romadinotte #nightphotography #vittoriano #piazzavenezia #quiaroma #romebynight

It was fitting to end our visit to Naples where we had begun it - with a blessรจd pizza Margherita, that proudly humble workhorse of Italian soft power. The recipe likely dates to the end of the eighteenth century, though its name would forever be immortalised when, in the June of 1889, the immensely popular Queen Margherita, consort of Umberto I, won the affections of the Neapolitans during her visit to the city with her warm and lively manner. On that visit, the Queen, keen to sample the local fare, scorned the cutlery and tucked into a chicken leg. It was with great pride that the Neapolitans declared "Even Queen Margherita eats chicken with her fingers!". The chef Raffaele Esposito promptly whipped up a pizza, crowned with tomatoes, 'fior di latte' mozzarella, basil, salt and oil, for a simple yet legendary flavour combination. Named in honour of the Queen, the most famous Italian dish was born! ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿ‘‘๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น . . . #pizzanapoletana #pizzaalforno #pizzamargherita #queenmargherita #reginamargherita #napoligram #delicious #foodography #foodporn #cibogram #cucinanapoletana #volgonapoli #napolidamangiare #napolidavivere #napolifoodporn #napolipix #napleslife #pizzerianapoliinbocca #ig_food #ig_napoli #20regionsin2years #basil

For #throwbackthursday this week, we return to what is undoubtedly one of the most unusual sights of Lazio - the enchanting town of Calcata. Settled since the days of the Etruscans and Faliscans, the town appears to have had a fairly peaceful existence, its isolation and geographical invulnerability shielding it from attack. Life was turned upside down, however, during the 1930's, when the Fascist government ordered the evacuation of the town, fearing the cliffs on which it was built were on the verge of collapse. Since many other towns in northern Lazio had suffered such disasters, there was legitimate cause for concern. However, starting in the 1960s, squatters began to appear, in the form of artists and hippies. The small community grew, defying the government evacuation order, until the latter recently caved and allowed the squatters to remain unmolested. Today the ancient town is alive with colour, and an unforgettable stop on any tour of northern Lazio! ๐ŸŽจ๐ŸšโœŒ . . . #calcata #calcatavecchia #squatters #repopulation #laziotourism #volgolazio #volgoviterbo #yallerslazio #yallersviterbo #ig_viterbo #ig_lazio #igerslazio #hilltown #cittaetrusca #cargata #hippie #alternative #lifeontheedge #20regionsin2years #landscapephotography #italy_bestshotz #shotz_of_lazio #photosofitaly #photooftheday #exploreitaly #borghiitaliani #borghipiubelliditalia

The Royal Palace of Naples, which receives far fewer visitors than its beauty or prestige deserves, is deceptively titled. Seldom did it host reigning monarchs of the Kingdom of Naples, but for over 150 years it was the seat of the Viceroy of Naples, who represented, and answered to, the King of Spain. Ground was broken in 1600 under the leading architect of the day - Domenico Fontana - who enthusiastically took up the project. The design is distinctly Renaissance, using building materials sourced throughout the Neapolitan kingdom, including volcanic rocks. When Naples regained her independence from Spain in 1734, the new King Charles VI of Bourbon made the city a place of splendour, and the palace hosted one of the finest courts in Europe. The heirs of Charles would later move their residence to the even more stunning Caserta, while a fire in 1837 would lead to large scale reconstructions. The spectacular Staircase of Honour, declared the most beautiful staircase in Europe by the philosopher Montesquieu, had to be rebuilt, and was unveiled in 1858, and retains its glory today. After the conquest of the Kingdom of Naples in 1860, the palace was slowly prepared for its opening to the public. The penultimate King of Italy, Victor Emmanuel III, was born here in 1869, and would later donate it to the State in 1919. Suffering bomb damage in World War Two, as well as vandalism at the hands of Allied soldiers, following extensive restoration it is today one of the finest palaces in the South, though often neglected by tourists. ๐Ÿ‘‘๐Ÿฐ๐ŸŒ‹ . . . #palazzoreale #palazzorealedinapoli #royalpalaceofnaples #reggia #domenicofontana #regnodinapoli #regnodelleduesicilie #kingdomofnaples #kingdomofthetwosicilies #scalonedonore #staircaseofhonour #marblestaircase #marblemonuments #20regionsin2years #tesori_italiani #tesoridinapoli #volgonapoli #volgocampania #naplesinsider #napolidavivere #yallersnapoli #yallerscampania #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #napolipix #italiapix #bourbons #borboni

For reliably delicious fare, one can seldom go wrong with the Parmigiana di melanzane. The preparation is simple, if a little time consuming. One slices one's aubergine thinly, before frying it the pan. It is then mixed with tomato sauce (of the chunkier, passata kind), garlic and parmigiano cheese (the famous parmesan) and whichever other ingredient local tradition dictates, before baking it in the oven. Whether the dish is Sicilian or Campanian in origin, we may never know, but we do know that Katrina can never get enough of it! ๐Ÿ๐Ÿ†๐Ÿง€ . . . #parmigiana #melanzaneallaparmigiana #eggplantparmigiana #parmigianadimelanzane๐Ÿ† #๐Ÿ† #napolifoodporn #foodporn #foodphotography #igersfood #foodgram #aubergines #cucinacampana #cucinanapoletana #piattitipici #bontร  #napolidamangiare #napolidavivere #20regionsin2years #eatingourwayarounditaly #happywifehappylife

Perhaps the most famous, and most crowded, shopping thoroughfare of Naples, Via Toledo is awash with life and character. Taking its name from the Spanish Viceroy who commissioned it, Pedro รlvarez de Toledo y Zรบรฑiga, 2nd Marquis of Villafranca, Via Toledo was a favoured stop on the Grand Tour for educated gentlemen, and curious intellectuals. The writer Stendhal deemed the experience of strolling along it to be an unforgettable event in 'the most beautiful city in the universe'. We certainly shan't forget it either! ๐Ÿ›ฃ๐Ÿ‡ช๐Ÿ‡ธ๐Ÿ› . . . #viatoledo #viatoledonapoli #pedroรกlvarezdetoledo #shoppingstreet #shoptilyoudrop #christmasinnaples #christmasshopping #lavitanapoletana #volgonapoli #volgoitalia #volgocampania #yallersnapoli #yallersitalia #italy_bestshotz #shotz_of_napoli #thisisnaples #map_of_italy #lestradedinapoli #20regionsin2years #napolidavivere #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #yallerscampania

The Royal Theatre of San Carlo, the grandest venue for Opera in Naples, is the world's oldest Opera House. Opening in 1737 under the patronage of the Bourbon Kings of Naples, it became a model for Opera houses across Rococo Europe. It has had far from an easy history however. A disastrous fire broke out in 1816, which led to a partial reconstruction and downsizing of the seating. The original Opera House boasted over 3,000 seats, today just 1,386 remain. The foyer was damaged by Allied bombs in 1943, leading to extensive postwar restoration. The Unification of Italy led to much of the glamour of Italian Opera shifting to La Scala in Milan. But let it never be forgotten - Naples did it first! ๐Ÿ›๐ŸŽญ๐Ÿ‘‘ . . . #teatrosancarlo #realteatrodisancarlo #sancarlo #opera #operahouse #goiellidinapoli #operahousesoftheworld #20regionsin2years #volgonapoli #yallersnapoli #ig_napoli #igersnapoli #splendour #rococo #naplesstyle #napleslife

Never far away deep in Naples is a peculiar figure, clad in white and masked in black. He is La Pulcinella, and one can never be sure just what he is up to. Is he the fool, or does he play the fool? The relentless flatterer yet also scornful trickster, La Pulcinella can be trusted to be the master of but one thing - himself. He first appeared in the commedia dell'arte of the 17th century, and soon took ahold of popular consciousness. He spread even to Britain, where his name was Anglicised to Punch, and became a core element of any fairground entertainment, along with his 'wife' - Judy! ๐ŸŽญ๐ŸŽช๐ŸŽ  . . . #lapulcinella #pulcinella #punchandjudy #commediadellarte #polichinelle #mrpunch #onthestreetsofnaples #tradition #tradizioninapoletane #20regionsin2years #thisisnaples #volgonapoli #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #napolinstagram #napolitoday #napleslife #lavitanapoletana #quianapoli

For our first Throwback Thursday of 2019, let us look back to one of the most memorable days from our first adventure of the project. After a hair-raising stop on a motorway, and rather eerie experience in Sepino, we discovered a gem of a walk through the Valley of Altilia on the hunt for the ruins of Saepinum. Green meadows and daubings of buttercups surrounded us on a glorious Spring day. Check out our latest post on our website for the full story! ๐ŸŒณโ˜€๏ธ๐Ÿ“– . . . #sepino #altilia #saepinum #throwbackthursday #ig_molise #igersmolise #shotz_of_molise #ig_campobasso #volgomolise #volgoitalia #forest #landscapephotography #landscape #greenheartofitaly #greenery #green #colourful #20regionsin2years #intotheforest #thisismolise #thisisitaly #italy_bestshotz #map_of_italy #italymagazine #buttercups #meadow

Just off San Gregorio Armeno lies the rather austere Church of San Lorenzo Maggiore. Under that church lies a hidden world, the Naples of yore which lies beneath your feet. The ancient Roman city of Neapolis (literally 'New City', from where modern Naples takes her name) unfurls before your eyes, as it was before a mudslide covered most of it in the 5th century AD. The macellum, or market, is remarkably well preserved, along with the workshops and shopfronts which once bustled with early Neapolitan life. This part of the city was the original agora (the Greek equivalent of a Forum) and was thus the heart of the colony. Today only ghosts and intrepid travellers can be seen, wandering among the silent stones... ๐Ÿ›โ›๐Ÿ‘ทโ€โ™‚๏ธ . . . #laneapolissotterrata #naplesunderground #macellum #agora #neapolis #ancientnaples #romanremains #romanruins #sanlorenzomaggiorenapoli #volgonapoli #volgocampania #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #ancient #ancientmarket #goingunderground #20regionsin2years #yallersnapoli #shotz_of_napoli #thisisnaples #shotz_of_campania

Via San Gregorio Armeno is one of the most famous, and around Christmas, busiest streets in Naples. The heart of the manufacture of Presepi, the artisans display their wares along every inch of the street, from tiny models of fish and cuts of meat, to sizeable statues of Joseph and the Virgin Mary, to entire dioramas for customers to decorate at their pleasure. Such craft has called the street its home since at least the eighteenth century, in the shadow of the Church of St. Gregory of Armenia, which gives the street its name. Originally it was the site of the ancient temple of Ceres, and connected to the two most important thoroughfares of historic Naples, today's Spaccanapoli and Via dei Tribunali. Come on the first weekend of December for a rugby scrum of excited shoppers, enthusiastic craftsmen and bundles of models of the Baby Jesus! ๐Ÿ˜๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ•ฏ . . . #sangregorioarmeno #stgregoryofarmenia #presepe #presepenapoletano #sangregorioarmenonapoli #shoppers #caos #historiccentre #centrostoriconapoli #napleslife #lavitanapoletana #napolianatale #christmastraditions #christmasinnaples #20regionsin2years #volgonapoli #yallersnapoli #ig_naples #igersnaples #ig_napoli #igersnapoli #botteghestoriche #artisanshops

No finer corner of the city in which to see the many faces of Naples exists than that between San Paolo Maggiore and Via dei Tribunali. A pair of classical columns emerge from the spectacular Baroque faรงade, all that remains of the ancient temple to the Dioscuri which was engulfed by the church. Less than a stone's throw away from such glories, it's time to hang out the washing! With a foot in the old and another in the new, we're looking forward to a 2019 full of adventures, and to sharing them with you! Buon anno from us, and may the New Year bring you all that you wish for! ๐Ÿ‘•โ›ช๐ŸŽ† . . . #sanpaolomaggiore #napoli #lavitanapoletana #neapolitanlife #buonanno #happynewyear #quianapoli #washing #hangingoutthewashing #oldandnew #vecchionuovo #viadeitribunali #volgonapoli #volgoitalia #volgocampania #yallersnapoli #columns #baroque #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #napleslife #neapolitannewyear #20regionsin2years #coexistence

The Church of Santi Filippi e Giacomo in Naples is, in many ways, a microcosm of the entire city. Constructed in 1758, during the apex of the Golden Age of Naples, the church is beautifully decorated with frescoes reflecting the Rococo tastes of the day. The centuries since have been less kind, as decay has gripped the church. Fragments of plaster and paint have fallen from the ceilings, and cracks have opened in the vault. Like much of the historic city centre, it is a somewhat tarnished incarnation of the Naples of the days of Charles VII, one of the greatest of the kings of Europe, who ascended to the throne of Spain, as Charles III, one year after the church's completion. In such days, Naples was one of Europe's largest and most splendid cities - only London and Paris exceeded it! ๐ŸŽจ๐Ÿ‘‘โ›ช . . . #chiesadeisantifilippoegiacomo #chiesadellasetanapoli #churchesofnaples #churchesofinstagram #decay #crumblingwalls #18thcentury #rococo #carloiii #goldenage #naples #chiesedinapoli #fresco #angel #angelo #20regionsin2years #volgonapoli #volgocampania #yallersnapoli #yallerscampania #thisisnaples #ig_napoli #igersnapoli

The striking church of Gesรน Novo in Naples has a most unusual faรงade, completely clad in cut-stone pyramids. Such remarkable decoration is due to the fact that it was once not a church, but a sumptuous palace. Home to the Princes of Salerno, a title held by the Sanseverino family, it fell afoul of the vengeance of Spain. When the Spanish Viceroy Don Pedro di Toledo attempted to bring the Spanish Inquisition to Naples in 1547, Prince Ferrante Sanseverino sided with the people of Naples in resisting. They were successful, but the family paid dearly. The Spaniards seized his property, and palace, and auctioned off his estate. Forty years later, the shell of the palace was sold to the Jesuits, who over the centuries built a spectacular baroque church, incorporating the old palace faรงade. Today it is one of the largest and most beautifully decorated churches in Naples! โ›ช๐Ÿ› ๐ŸŽจ . . . #chiesadelgesunuovo #gesรนnovo #jesuit #spanishnaples #palazzosanseverino #chiesadellatrinitร maggiore #gesunuovo #volgonapoli #volgocampania #igersnapoli #ig_naples #churchesofinstagram #thisisnaples #facade #diamondfacade #bnw_napoli #bnw_italy #20regionsin2years #yallersnapoli #repurposing #italianarchitecture #geometry #spaccanapoli #fancyarchitecture #pyramids

Among the many achievements and contributions of Naples are its culinary innovations. The crowning glory of it all is the Pizza itself. The origin of the word 'pizza' is hotly debated, but references to it date back as far as the 10th century, when Naples and Campania were still part of the Byzantine Empire. The modern pizza which is consumed worldwide today, however, was born in the wood fired Neapolitan ovens of the early eighteenth century. Where finer a place to sample the humble Pizza Margherita than at Da Michele, the most famous Pizzeria in Naples, which has fed its guests since 1870? Its queues are often the stuff of legend, though we fortunately got in after a mere quarter of an hour! The pizza, naturally, was divine! ๐Ÿ•๐Ÿบ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น . . . #damichele #pizzeriadamichele #damichelenapoli #pizzanapoletana #pizzaalforno #neapolitanpizza #volgonapoli #volgocampania #volgoitalia #20regionsin2years #igersnapoli #ig_napoli #thisisnaples #thisisitaly #travellingitaly #italymagazine #italy_bestshotz #shotz_of_napoli #tempiodipizza #templeofpizza #italianpizza #pizzaoven #italianfood #oneintheoven #pizzamargherita #woodfiredoven

For Throwback Thursday, let us bring you a bit of post-Christmas blues and golds from the glittering mosaics of Ravenna. The Neonian Baptistery is the oldest monument still standing in the city, being consecrated in the 5th century, and thus before the reconquests of Justinian and even before the collapse of the Western Roman Empire. Rumoured to have been built over an even older Roman bath house, the spectacular dome mosaic depicts the Baptism of Christ in the River Jordan, with St. John the Baptist standing above him. Subsidence has caused the entire Baptistery to sink some 3 metres below ground, and thus it is all the more miraculous that it has survived sixteen centuries so far. UNESCO considers it to be the "finest and the most complete surviving example of the early Christian baptistery", and is one of a number of wonders in Ravenna to inspire awe! โ›ฒโ›ช๐ŸŽจ . . . #ravenna #throwbackthursday #mosaic #battisteroneoniano #baptisteryofneon #baptistery #mosaicart #colours #colourful #volgoemiliaromagna #volgoitalia #yallersemiliaromagna #yallersitalia #volgoravenna #igersravenna #ig_ravenna #arteitaliana #romanart #italytour #italygram #italytravel #20regionsin2years #baptismofchrist #battesimodicristo

Our last trip of 2018 took us from one end of the Italian cultural spectrum to the other - Naples! A well-loved tradition at Christmas in Italy is the building of the Presepe - a model Nativity Scene crafted from wood, cork and other local materials. The core scene of the Holy Family is often surrounded by more secular figurines of grotesque figures, including fishmongers, butchers and shepherds, all extravagantly dressed in the 18th century's finest. Nowhere is more famous for the Presepe than Naples, the old capital of the South, and no street is more renowed than San Gregorio Armeno in the heart of the historic centre, home to artisans who have specialised in the building of Presepi for centuries. The contest for over the top Christmas lights in the Anglo Saxon World meets its match in the contest for extravagant Presepi in Naples, a jolly tradition indulged in by both Neapolitan monarchs and ordinary folk alike. On such a note, we bid you all a very Merry Christmas!!! ๐ŸŽ…๐Ÿผ๐Ÿ‘ผ๐Ÿ• . . . #natale #buonnatale #presepe #presepenapoletano #napoli #naples #nativityscene #volgonapoli #volgocampania #volgoitalia #yallersnapoli #yallerscampania #yallersitalia #igersnapoli #ig_naples #map_of_italy #20regionsin2years #merrychristmas #sangregorioarmeno #spaccanapoli #christmastraditions #tradizionidinatale #thisisnaples #๐ŸŽ…๐Ÿผ #mezzogiorno #craftsmanship #artigianali

Milan is Italy's city on the move, and home to the headquarters of many international companies as well as the Italian Stock Exchange. Following on from its successful hosting of the Universal Exposition (Expo) in 2015, the city has seen much urban development, and a long list of cultural initiatives. As a result, the Milanese skyline is as much home to cranes as it is to skyscrapers and neoclassical palazzi! ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น๐Ÿ› ๐ŸŒ . . . #milanstyle #milan #milano #milanotoday #volgomilano #volgolombardia #yallersmilano #yallerslombardia #yallersitalia #volgoitalia #italy_bestshotz #shotz_of_milano #milano_bestphoto #map_of_italy #thisismilan #expo2015 #bluesky #citylife #cityphotography #city #modernitaly #loves_united_italy #20regionsin2years #skyline #crane #construction